If you use too much pressure or hold the air nozzle too close to the filter, yes, but applying an air flow that is more gentle from a distance will not be much different than the air flow coming in when the engine is running. The big air filter elements are priced just a bit above my level of cheapness, but then, I am pretty frugal.
Cat has always allowed you to blow a filter out they even sold a fan type air nozzle to use.I even bought 1 of the washers they sold to clean the filter you added the chemicals in the rinse you could wash the filter twice.
It saved me tons of money the inner and outer filters on some of the equipment could cost $ 250.00 in the year 2000.
lol I never lost a Cat engine from a faulty air cleaner,Filter Minders sell air filters every piece of equipment I owned had 1 on the dash they were more trouble than they were worth IMO.
A friggn hung over operator would shut your equipment down because it was in the yellow just to take a nap I plugged every one on every piece of equipment we owned.My service guy was smart enough to know when the filter needed changing